Blood Work Continued

 

These common blood serum tests evaluate organ function, electrolyte status, and more. They are important in evaluating older pets, pets with vomiting and diarrhea or toxin exposure, pets receiving long-term medications, and health before anesthesia.


  • ALB (albumin) Is a serum protein that helps evaluate hydration, hemorrhage, and intestinal, liver, and kidney disease.
  • ALKP (alkaline phosphatase) elevations may indicate liver damage, Cushing's disease, and active bone growth in young pets. 
  • ALT (alanine aminotransferase) is a sensitive indicator of active liver damage but doesn't indicate the cause.
  • AMYL (amylase) elevations may indicate pancreatitis or kidney disease.
  • AST (aspartate aminotransferase) increases may indicate liver, heart, or skeletal muscle damage.
  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen) indicates kidney function.
  • Ca (calcium) deviations can indicate a variety of diseases. Tumors, hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, and low albumin are just a few of the conditions that alter serum calcium.
  • CHOL (cholesterol) is used to supplement diagnosis of hypothyroidism, liver disease, Cushing's disease, and diabetes mellitus.
  • CI (chloride) is an electrolyte often lost with vomiting and Addison's disease. Elevations often indicate dehydration.
  • CREA (creatinine) reveals kidney function. This test helps distinguish between kidney and non-kidney causes of elevated BUN.
  • GGT (gamma glutamyl transferase) is an enzyme that indicates liver disease or corticosteroid excess.
  • GLOB (globulin) is a blood protein that often increases with chronic inflammation and certain disease states.
  • GLU (glucose) Is a blood sugar. Elevated levels may indicate diabetes mellitus. Low levels can cause collapse, seizures, or coma.
  • K (potassium) is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive urination. Increased levels may indicate kidney failure, Addison's disease, dehydration, and urethral obstruction. High levels can lead to cardiac arrest.
  • LIP (lipase) is an enzyme that may indicate pancreatitis.
  • Na (sodium) is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney and Addison's disease. This test helps indicate hydration status.
  • PHOS (phosphorus) elevations are often associated with kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, and bleeding disorders.
  •  TBIL (total bilirubin) elevations may indicate liver or hemolytic disease. This test helps identify bile duct problems and certain types of anemia.
  • TP (total protein) indicates hydration status and provides additional information about the liver, kidneys, and infectious diseases.